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The church is located near to the town centre in 7, Captain Mihail Batorski Str..

According to records from "Sv. Troitsa" monastery of Etropole there has been an Eastern Orthodox Church in Pirdop since 1618. The name of the settlement from the Early Ottoman Age - Protopopintsi (protopop (archpriest) - the highest-ranking priest in the region) suggests that there might have been a church earlier. Today's church "Sveto Uspenie Bogorodichno" (Dormition of the Theotokos) is the oldest building from the period of the Bulgarian National Revival in the region - it was built in 1819 during the reign of sultan Mahmud II (1808 - 1839) on the foundations of an old temple destroyed by a fire. The historical findings about the early period of the history of the church are inconsistent but it is sure that the local government initiated the building of a church as early as 1817. The well-known researcher of the Bulgarian history G.G. Dimitrov from Plovdiv says that in that year the people from Pirdop sent three representatives to Tsarigrad (Instanbul) to ask for a firman (decree) for the building of a church. According to a Sultan's Order from 21 November 1714 every repairs or building of new temples in the empire is forbidden without the special permission of the Ottoman authorities. That was the reason for sending the above mentioned delegation to the capital. It took the delegates almost an year to receive the firman (decree). But that was not the beginning of the building. According to the rules the firman (decree) had to be brought to Vidin for signing. It took another six months. According to some findings the signed document was brought back to Pirdop around Easter in 1819. While the delegates were trying to legalize the building of the church, the citizens were not wasting their time - they were gathering building materials. In his memoirs Alipia Vlaikov, the writer Todor Vlaikov's elder brother, says that his father's mother although being pregnant, was carrying stones for the building of the church. Everyone was helping, even pregnant women.

People from all the villages in the region helped for the building of the church. There is a record mentioning the names of the donors - Stoyko, Yani and his sons, Bogdan, Gancho, Nicola Slavchov, Petko Popov, Ivan Bambekov and others from Pirdop; Vasil, Kosta and Stancho from Zlatitsa; Velcho from Bunovo; Peter from Smolsko; Mladenovtsi from Dolno Kamartsi. G. G. Dimitrov says that the builders had a time limit of 18 days and they managed to keep it. That fact is confirmed by Serafim Slivenski in his biography of Zlatan Gruev.

Metodi Stoyanov gives more details about the building but he says that the time limit was 40 days and the construction had to be made at night not to annoy the local Turkish people. That is why a high stone wall was first built so that people couldn't see what was being done in the yard.

Builders from Smolsko and Mirkovo came and the architectural style was from 18th c. following the traditions of the churches from Arbanasi. The church has big naos (main part), the vaults lies on two rows of wooden pillars. The interior was finished later and the first icons were from 1823 and were painted by the famous icon-painter from Tryavna Yoanikii papa Vitanov.

The wood carved iconostasis is the most valuable treasure of the church as it is one of the four in the style of the Debur Artistic Schools preserved until today. The other three are in "Sv. Spas" in Skopje, "Sv. Ivan Bigor" in Debur and "Sv.Paraskeva" in Pazardzhik. It was created by Makarii Negriev Fruchkovski and Peter Filipov who delivered the iconostasis in Pirdop hidden in huge wooden casks. It was made from walnut wood with golden leaf in its upper part. Later the golden leaf was painted in black paint to prevent stealing and it caused a lot of efforts for the restorers to remove it. After the restoration the iconostasis is shining with its original beauty.

The church was robbed twice. In 1826 only eight years after its building the church plates, relics and money were stolen and the second time it was violated by the fleeing soldiers of the Ottoman army during the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878.

The church was a guard of the Bulgarian spirituality in the region - the services were conducted only in Bulgarian language and from Bulgarian priests. The bishops from Lovech Dionisii and Miletii (in the middle of 19th. c.) tried to introduce the Greek language in the services but the local priests and people never allowed that to happen.

The church was restored several times - in 1887 and in 1997 - 2002.